when prostate cancer is detected in a biopsy sample, a pathologist assigns it a grade, determined by the degree of abnormality observed under the microscope.this is called a gleason classification system . cancers with higher grades appear more abnormal and tend to have a greater potential for rapid growth.
the tnm staging system categorizes the extent of the cancer, including the tumor size, lymph node involvement, and metastasis. there are four stages in the tnm system (1 to 4), the higher the number on your pathology report the more the cancer has spread.
prostate-specific antigen (psa) is a blood test used to monitor prostate health. elevated levels may indicate prostate cancer.
when selecting a urologist or oncologist specializing in prostate cancer, consider their experience and expertise in treating this specific type of cancer. look for professionals who have a track record of successfully managing prostate cancer cases, stay up-to-date with the latest treatment options, and are part of multidisciplinary teams that can offer comprehensive care.
alberta: visit alberta health services for information on prevention and screening, referrals, patient support, and wellness resources.
british columbia: bc cancer can provide information on diagnosis, staging, and treatment for prostate cancer.
manitoba: cancercare manitoba offers prostate cancer patients and family members with information on screening, treatment and care, and access to healthcare providers.
new brunswick: the new brunswick cancer network offers educational resources, clinical trials information, and a cancer patient navigation program.
newfoundland and labrador: the nl prostate cancer support groups provides free online resources and peer support groups for prostate cancer patients.
nova scotia: visit nova scotia health to learn more about the programs and services available at the province’s two cancer care centres.
ontario: cancer care ontario provides prostate cancer pathway maps to help you better navigate your cancer journey.
prince edward island: the prince edward island government offers online cancer support and information for patients and families.
quebec: the quebec cancer foundation provides individuals with information on screening tests for early detection, cancer treatments, and clinical research.
saskatchewan: the saskatchewan health authority offers prostate assessment information and treatment options.
here’s a quick overview of the treatment options for prostate cancer :
the type of treatment your healthcare team will recommend will depend on several factors , including:
cancer support organizations like the canadian cancer society , prostate cancer foundation canada , and local cancer support groups offer a wealth of educational resources, support services, hotlines, and online communities.
if you’re struggling to overcome the emotional and mental toll caused by your diagnosis, counseling or psychotherapy services can help address the psychological effects of living with prostate cancer. therapists can help patients and their families cope with anxiety, depression, and the high stress levels that often accompanies a cancer diagnosis. plus, holistic therapies, such as meditation, yoga, and massage therapy can also help you better manage stress and improve relaxation throughout your cancer treatment.
a healthy, well-balanced diet can also improve your recovery from prostate cancer, contributing to a longer, healthier life. consult with a registered dietitian or nutritionist who can provide guidance on maintaining a healthy diet throughout your treatment and recovery.
prostate cancer patients may encounter challenges in their daily life such as fatigue, changes in urinary and sexual function, and emotional distress. open communication with healthcare providers is key to overcoming these challenges. they can offer guidance on symptom management, lifestyle adjustments, exercise, and counseling.